Dental prosthesis


Dental prosthesis and its types

In general, a prosthesis is an artificial body that replaces a body part that has been lost for any reason and tries to perform the functions of the lost part as much as possible. There are different types of prostheses, each of which is used for one part of the body, such as prosthetic hands, feet, eyes, teeth, etc., to make prosthetics, a mixture of science and art is needed.

In dentistry, there is a special field for making prostheses, and people who have the science and art of making prostheses are called prosthetists.

Types of dental prostheses

Dental prostheses have different divisions in different ways. Most people know dental prosthesis as artificial teeth, and when a person has lost all his teeth, a complete prosthesis is used for him, which is known among people as a complete artificial tooth.

Teeth are one of the most important parts of every human body and they undergo the most changes during a person’s life and they are lost for various reasons, including decay, which cause many problems, including difficulty in chewing food and problems for the digestive system. Another factor that causes the loss of teeth is the diseases related to the tissues that support the teeth, which is the most important reason for the loss of natural teeth in some people.

Some people may not suffer from tooth decay until the end of their life, and only the decay and change of the tissue that supports the teeth caused by aging will cause their teeth to be lost. This period is called the toothless period, and there are few people who do not suffer from this complication as they age. But some people accelerate the beginning of their toothless period by not observing their oral and dental hygiene and not visiting the dentist regularly and on time.

In recent years, a lot of efforts have been made to preserve the tissues and tissues that support the teeth, and it has been able to postpone this issue to a large extent. Today, with the education and culturalization of taking care of oral and dental hygiene, the toothless period of people has been postponed to the last years of their lives. However, many people believe that the loss of natural teeth is not very important, and it is easy to compensate for this defect with a full artificial tooth or complete prosthesis.

But what is clear is that so far no prosthesis has been able to completely and optimally compensate for the defects of the human body. This also applies to dentures. It is true that dental prosthesis is a very suitable solution to solve the problem of toothless people, but in any case, nothing artificial can be a complete and perfect substitute for the natural part of the human body. Therefore, all people should pay special attention to preserving their natural teeth.

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Problems with the loss of natural teeth

As we said, teeth are one of the body parts that are exposed to the most changes during the lifetime of humans, and in many cases their decay and loss is inevitable, so scientists and doctors are always trying to find a suitable solution and alternative for find this problem and have achieved many successes in this field until today. Loss of natural teeth causes many problems for humans, which are mentioned below:

  • Causes difficulty in chewing food.
  • It causes digestive problems for the person.
  • The tissue that supports the teeth is lost.
  • It causes problems in a person’s speech.
  • And it affects the beauty of the person in the face

In the meantime, it is very important to preserve the tissue that supports the teeth, but unfortunately, less attention is paid to it. In many cases, when the treatment is performed by non-specialists and unqualified people, partial beauty is returned to the person, but not much attention is paid to the preservation of the tissue inside the oral cavity, which may cause irreparable damage to the person and probably in the future. It is not so long ago that he needs a full set of artificial teeth, because of the loss of tissue, he cannot use an ideal artificial tooth. to make a dental prosthesis, skills and knowledge are needed in various fields such as anatomy, physiology, biology, histology and oral microbiology.

What is dental prosthesis?

A dental prosthesis is actually an artificial tooth that has different types and includes a wide range from a simple tooth cover to a complete hand. Artificial teeth are considered part of dental prosthesis. The use of dental prostheses has various reasons, including beauty and treatment

In general, the dental prosthesis consists of two main parts of acrylic, which is the pink part and the gums of the prosthesis, and a metal alloy made of cream and cobalt. Due to the unpleasant appearance of dental prosthesis metal clips, today another type of dental prosthesis is used, the metal part of which is tooth-colored

Types of dental prostheses

In general, there are two types of dental prostheses, which are as follows:

  • Fixed dental prosthesis
  • Removable tooth prosthesis

Fixed dental prosthesis

There are 3 types of fixed dental prostheses or dental veneers:

  • Single tooth crown

Usually, people call fixed dentures as veneers. When a person’s tooth needs a veneer that has lost its structure and strength due to small and wide cracks or excessive decay and needs protection, and in fact, the veneer protects it from the risk of further decay and damage in It protects

Sometimes dental veneers are used to beautify the appearance of teeth. Also, in some cases, dental veneers are used to improve the function of the teeth in order to chew food better

  • Dental bridge or bridge

Bridges are another fixed dental prosthesis and are used in cases where a person has lost one or more teeth, but one tooth in the front and one tooth in the back are missing. By shaving these two teeth, a bridge is built between these two teeth, and the missing teeth are filled by this bridge, and the function of the teeth in chewing food is improved.

  • Implant

Another fixed prosthesis is dental implant, which has gained many fans today

Removable dental prosthesis

In some cases, when it is not possible to use fixed dentures, removable dentures can be used. These prostheses can be easily put in and out of the mouth. We will explain it in the following text.

Full acrylic prosthesis: This prosthesis is used as a temporary treatment in many cases

Cobalt worm prosthesis: This prosthesis is used to treat toothlessness with free antennas. This prosthesis is used in cases where the person does not have a tooth at the end of his jaw to use for the prosthesis base, and also for people who are not interested in using a fixed prosthesis.

Dental prosthesis with soft gums is used in the form of a thin layer with a thickness of approximately 1-2 mm under the hard gums of the prosthesis for a short period of time in order to prepare the patient’s mouth to receive the prosthesis with hard gums.

But the question is why dental prosthesis with soft gums is not always used? Because the dental prosthesis with soft gums causes the loss of the patient’s gum tissue and hygiene is much more difficult for such prostheses and they provide a suitable environment for the growth of fungi and bacteria.

At the beginning of using the dental prosthesis, the tissues inside the mouth and gums may become inflamed and they may not accept the foreign body easily, and you will be a little annoyed. Also, if the dental prosthesis is not placed in its proper place, it will cause you discomfort, in which case this issue should be addressed. Talk to your dentist

In order to increase the longevity and durability of the dental prosthesis, it is very important to observe hygiene.

Methods of care of removable prosthesis

  • Brush your dentures twice a day.
  • Do not take it out of your mouth during the first days of using the removable prosthesis and when sleeping at night.
  • Be careful not to drop the prosthesis when cleaning it.
  • Clean the inside of your mouth and gums with a soft toothbrush every day.
  • Once a week, place your dentures in an antiseptic solution for 8 hours.
  • When you remove your dental prosthesis from your mouth, put it in salt water.
  • Clean your dentures immediately after eating foods containing pigment.
  • If the color of the denture changes, put it in a solution of water and bleach for 8 hours.

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