Orthodontic

Orthodontics is a dental treatment that brings a healthier mouth and teeth, a more attractive smile and higher self-esteem. Orthodontics corrects the jaw and teeth and removes abnormalities such as overlapping teeth, front jaw, underbite, overbite, crossbite, etc.

Orthodontics is a time-consuming and long-term treatment that, in addition to having a therapeutic aspect, also has a cosmetic aspect, and failure to act on time can cause many problems for the patient. There are different types of orthodontics and according to the problem and abnormality of the patient’s jaw and teeth, one of them is prescribed.

In this article, we intend to provide information about orthodontics, its types, benefits of orthodontics, the best age for orthodontics and orthodontic care, etc. So if you want to use orthodontic treatment to improve the condition of your teeth and jaw, this article can be useful for you.

Everything about orthodontics

Having a beautiful appearance is a subject that has occupied the human mind for a long time. One of the elements of beauty in humans is having tidy and healthy teeth. The beauty and health of teeth have been considered for a long time so that in the past, many people used floss and metal objects to arrange their teeth, which over time and with the advancement of science today has become orthodontic.

Orthodontics means tidying teeth. Ortho means to arrange and dance means teeth. Orthodontics is a treatment for people whose teeth do not overlap as standard when closing their mouths.

Orthodontics is a treatment that aims to align or move teeth, improving the appearance of teeth and how they work. It also helps to take care of the teeth by reducing the pressure on them, as well as taking care of the gums and jaw joints.

Types of orthodontics

There are different types of orthodontics and as we said, one of the types is selected according to the type of patient’s needs and according to the degree of tooth deformity and the expert’s discretion. The following are the different types of orthodontics:

Removable orthodontics: It is a type of orthodontics that is usually used for mild dental malformations and is removable and the patient can remove it from the mouth for cleaning and has a fine wire that puts gentle pressure on the patient’s teeth. He does.

Fixed orthodontics: This type of orthodontics is used when the patient’s teeth have more severe anomalies and the pressure exerted by the moving orthodontics is not enough to move the teeth. Fixed orthodontics has strips and brackets that are attached to the teeth and also has a flexible wire that allows the teeth to be moved.

Invisible orthodontics: This type of orthodontics is suitable for adults who do not want their orthodontics to appear.

  • Functional orthodontics: In functional orthodontics, a series of fixed and movable devices are used to treat jaw deformities.

Damon orthodontics: One of the new orthodontic methods in which instead of using a clamp to connect the bracket to the wire, open and close brackets are used.

Lingual orthodontics: This type of orthodontics is also very popular with adults because it is installed behind the teeth and has no external appearance.

Each type of orthodontics makes a difference during treatment, the treatment, and the tools used.

When is the best age to use orthodontics?

The best time to start orthodontic treatment is in childhood and before puberty because at this age it is easier and faster to achieve the desired result and prevent the development of dental malformations. Therefore, the best age for orthodontics is 12 to 14 years old. But adults can also use orthodontic treatment in consultation with a specialist.

Do I need to have a tooth extracted for orthodontics?

If the patient’s teeth are severely compressed and due to the small size of the patient’s mouth, the teeth are not in place as standard, or if the patient has impacted teeth, then it may be at the discretion of the dentist some Teeth pulled. Teenagers may not need to have their teeth extracted for young people and adolescents who start treatment on time.

Why should orthodontic treatment be performed?

As we have said, orthodontics is not only aesthetic and its therapeutic aspect is more important and helps the patient to chew and bite food properly.

Dental abnormalities not only cause problems in the process of chewing food, but also cause digestive problems, and also cause headaches in the patient by putting too much pressure on the jaws.

As the teeth line up, it becomes easier to brush and floss. Irregular teeth, especially teeth that have parts on top of each other, because the brushing to not work properly and cause tooth decay.

Finally, we can mention the use of orthodontics in beautifying the appearance of teeth, which increases the patient’s self-confidence.

Who needs orthodontics?

If you have any of the following problems, you should see a dentist.

Open bite: A condition in which there is a space between the upper and lower teeth.

Overbite: A condition in which the upper teeth are more than standing in front of the lower teeth.

Crossbite: It is a condition in which the teeth are placed on top of each other and put pressure on each other.

Underbite: A condition in which the lower teeth are too forward or the upper teeth are too backward.

Low space between teeth: It is a condition in which a person has a small jaw and there is not enough space for all teeth.

Asymmetry of the teeth: It is a condition that the upper and lower teeth do not match and the teeth are seen when closing the mouth.

Interdental space: A condition in which there is a gap or gap between the patient’s teeth.

Of course, orthodontics may have other reasons.

Can orthodontics damage teeth?

If you do not take care of your teeth properly during treatment, you may damage them. Orthodontics itself will not harm your teeth, but improper brushing and eating sugary foods and drinks can cause permanent damage to your teeth. Orthodontic brackets and wires can trap food pieces and cause excessive plaque. Therefore, you should pay a lot of attention to your oral health during this period and clean them thoroughly.

Orthodontic care

While you are undergoing orthodontic treatment, it is very important that your teeth are examined by your dental team and you should also pay close attention to your dental and oral hygiene. Here are some things to do to take care of your dental health. Brought to:

Thoroughly clean your teeth daily with floss and toothbrush, you should make sure that you clean them carefully so that they do not rot. Depending on your orthodontics, your dental team can suggest appropriate methods.

Reduce the number of times you eat sugary foods and drinks. Avoid foods and drinks that contain sugar and carbonated beverages. Also, sticky and hard foods can damage your teeth and orthodontics.

Brush your teeth at night before bed and brush at least once a day. Use mouthwash if needed. Your dentist may prescribe a strong fluoride toothpaste, fluoride gel or mouthwash.

Duration of dental orthodontics

The duration of orthodontic use varies from person to person depending on the degree of dislocation and deformity of the teeth and jaw. Some of the factors that have a direct impact on the duration of orthodontics are:

  • Patient age
  • The degree of tooth decay

The amount of distance the teeth should move

  • The health of teeth and gums
  • And how much the patient adheres to the relevant instructions.

It usually takes about 1 to 3 years for teeth to be aligned. Also, the time required varies depending on whether the defect is related to the jaw or the tooth. If the patient only has problems with tooth decay, then it takes one to one and a half years for orthodontics, and if the problem is related to the jaw, then another year and a half will be added to the treatment process.

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